The Historical Flora


Historical records of plants recorded before the 2007 survey that were not re-found during that survey. Dates shown after the English name are the earliest recorded dates found. A number of historical records were re-found in the 2009 coppice, and these are all noted in the text.


Historic records


Achillea millefolium

Yarrow (1984) (Native)

Pool glade (2001) - probably introduced in imported soil, did not persist. Listed by Latimer (1984) from both Highgate and Queen's Woods. Single plant in coppice P in June 2009.


Agrostis gigantea

Black bent (1993) (Native)

Coppice K only (21/7/1993). A grass of open, disturbed habitats. Did not persist.


Alopecurus pratensis

Meadow foxtail (1984) (Native)

Listed by Latimer (1984) from both Highgate and Queen's Woods. Essentially a plant of meadows and pastures - rare in woodlands (Grime, 2007).


Angelica sylvestris

Wild angelica (1992) (Native)

A victim of decreasing light levels; it used to grow in marshy ground near the large guelder rose in W (last seen 1992). No persistent seed bank has been reported (Grime, 2007). Several plants recorded from Coldfall Wood stream coppice (2008 - 2009).


Anisantha sterilis

Barren brome (1990) (Native)

Unlocalised record from 1990 - presumably this common grass grew at the edge of the Wood, as it is a light-demanding species.


Aruncus dioicus

Buck's-beard (1994) (Neophyte)

Recorded by Barbara Villiers in 1994 - an unlocalised record; not seen since.


Atriplex patula

Common orache (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only, 2001, did not persist. Common plant of open, disturbed habitats.


Bellis perennis

Daisy (1984) (Native)

Listed by Latimer (1984) from both Highgate and Queen's Woods. At this time there was "open grassland which is mown next to Muswell Hill Road" (part of today's compt. L) - and it seems likely that it was recorded from there. Virtually absent from shaded habitats (Grime, 2007).


Bidens connata

London bur-marigold (2001) (Neophyte)

A most unexpected discovery (confirmed R.M Burton) in the pool glade (21/10/2001). This North American species was first recorded in Britain at the edge of the Grand Union Canal at Greenford, Middlesex in 1977, and was subsequently found to be widely distributed along the Canal (Lond. Nat., 58 (1979): 9 - 14). Presumably the plant was introduced with "topsoil" following the demolition of the changing room building in 2000. It did not persist as the site slowly succeeded to woodland.


Blechnum spicant

Hard-fern (1999) (Native)

A single large plant discovered in compt. J by Meg Game in 1999. Persisted until 2004, but now gone - possibly a victim of the hot, dry summers between these dates. This is a very rare fern in Middlesex, which has recently been refound in several places at Ken Wood after a long absence (Edgington, 2003) - so there is some hope that it may return. It is now known that some fern spores can apparently remain viable for decades (Edgington, 2003). It was known to Dillenius, the first Sherardian Professor of Botany at Oxford (from 1728) from a" Wood near Highgate" and there is a specimen in his large herbarium of British plants now preserved at the University of Oxford (Kent, 1975). An ancient woodland indicator species (Rose, 1999). Herb. DB.


Brassica napus

Oil-seed rape (1990) (Neophyte)

Unlocalised record from 1990. A widespread casual introduction elsewhere in Haringey - a relic of cultivation.



Campanula trachelium

Nettle-leaved bellflower (1993) (Native)

Also known as "bats-in-the-belfry" - scarce in Haringey, but seen occasionally on the Parkland Walk - naturalised from gardens. An ancient woodland indicator where native, but here it is likely to be a garden escape. It was seen (1993 to 1995) by Barbara Villiers: "on the south side of Wood Lane" - at TQ 287883 (Burton, 2008). This grid reference falls in compt. C. Recorded from the stream coppice in Coldfall Wood in 2009.


Cardamine hirsuta

Hairy bittercress (1990) (Native)

An unlocalised 1990 record of this widespread "weed" of open, disturbed ground, usually on drier ground than C. flexuosa. Did not persist.


Carex pallescens

Pale sedge (1905)

Recorded in "Highgate Woods" ("several plants") by C.S.Nicholson in 1905 (K.& L, 1956). Forms a persistent seed bank (Grime, 2007).. Recorded (many plants) in the stream coppice in Coldfall Wood (2007-2009).


Carex pilulifera

Pill sedge (1902) (Native)

A single plant in compt. D found by Meg Game (det. DB) while carrying out field work for a management plan for the Wood in 1999 (Game, 2000). Recorded in the Wood in 1902 by C.S. Nicholson (Kent, 1975), and seen again by DB (in compt. D) on 21/7/1993. This sedge is now very scarce in Haringey (and Middlesex), though it was widespread in Coldfall Wood in the 1980s, and was refound in the stream coppice in 2007and 2008. Seeds are dispersed by ants and there is a persistent seed bank (Grime, 2007).


Carex vesicaria

Bladder sedge (1905) (Native)

Recorded by C.S.Nicholson from "Highgate Woods" (note plural) in 1905 (LNHS herb.). By 1915 it was gone, Nicholson reporting that "the better drainage of the woods has destroyed numerous plants, and several fine clumps of such plants as Carex pendula and Carex vesicaria have been lost" (Nicholson, 1916).


Catapodium rigidum

Fern-grass (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only - 2001 (did not persist); a plant of well drained, open habitats, "rare and decreasing" in Middlesex (Kent, 1975) and scarce in Haringey.



Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

Lawson's cypress (2002) (Neophyte)

An unlocalised record (2002), introduced from a local garden. The tree was "c.25 feet tall", but has not been refound. Seedlings are commonly found near planted trees, but were not found in Queen's Wood. Native (now scarce) of Oregon and California - very abundantly grown in gardens in Britain in the form of many different cultivars.


Chenopodium polyspermum

Many-seeded goosefoot (2001) (Native)

Light demanding species of disturbed ground. Pool glade in 2001, but did not persist. Recorded by Latimer (1984) from Highgate Wood. A few plants in coppifce P in 2009.


Chenopodium rubrum

Red goosefoot (1992) (Native)

A plant of disturbed open habitats - coppice K (1992), and pool glade (2001) only - did not persist.


Claytonia siberica

Pink purslane (1956) (Neophyte)

Single record from c.1956.(Kent, 1975). Introduced North American annual, occasionally grown in gardens, and sometimes escaping. No recent records - well naturalised on Hampstead Heath Extension (LNHS, 2008).


Convallaria majalis

Lily-of-the-valley (1695) (Native)

A small colony in compt. C, in 1990. Probably escaped from a local garden. Did not persist. Listed by Petiver (1695) "in the drier parts of the woods about Hampstead and Highgate". An ancient woodland indicator species when native.



Convolvulus arvensis

Field bindweed (1984) (Native)

Unlocalised record (in 1990), probably from the edge of the Wood, as the plant is light demanding. Also listed by Latimer (1984) from compt. M. Not seen recently.


Coronopus didymus

Lesser swine-cress (2001) (Native)

A few plants near paddling pool in compt. N, and in the Pool glade (2001) - a plant of open, disturbed habitats; did not persist.


Cotoneaster rehderi

Bullate cotoneaster (1997) (Neophyte)

Coppice K only in 1997. Bird sown from a local garden. Did not persist. An introduction from W. China (Stace, 1997). Herb. DB.


Cotoneaster simonsii

Himalayan cotoneaster (1997) (Neophyte)

An unlocalised record from 1997 of this commonly bird-sown escape from gardens. Found also in Coldfall Wood. Introduced from the Himalayas in 1865 (Krussmann, 1984).


Crepis capillaris

Smooth hawk's-beard (1992) (Native)

Plant of open grassy places and disturbed ground. Present in coppice K in 1992 - did not persist. Single plant in coppice P in 2009.


Cymbalaria muralis

Ivy-leaved toadflax (1997) (Neophyte)

On brickwork near paddling pool (1997), and in the pool glade (2001) - not seen recently.


Cyperus eragrostis

Pale galingale (2001) (Neophyte)

Ornamental garden "escape" - several plants on introduced soil in Pool glade in 2001 - did not persist. A single plant in coppice P - in the dog pond - 7/9/2009.



Cytisus scoparius

Broom (2003) (Native)

Single plant translocated from London Underground site adjacent to Highgate Wood (together with nine goldenrod plants) on 14/10/03. Not seen since then.


Deschampsia cespitosa

Tufted hair-grass (1984) (Native)

Single plant in coppice K (1994 - 1996), and listed by Latimer (1984) from compt. M. This is a shade-tolerant grass, particularly associated with poorly drained soils. It is known to form a persistent buried seed bank (Grime, 2007, Rackham, 2003). Found (2008) in the recent Coldfall Wood stream coppice - probably ssp. parviflora.


Digitalis purpurea

Foxglove (1975) (Native)

Recorded by Barbara Villiers in 1993 (unlocalised), and from the "Friends coppice" in compt. N in August, 2003 - did not persist. Seeds of foxglove are known to survive in the seed bank for at least a hundred years (Buckley, 1992). Listed from "Highgate Woods" by Kent (1975). .Appeared in Coldfall Wood stream coppice in 2007, having last been seen there in 1986 (Bevan, 1986).


Epilobium ciliatum x montanum

Willowherb hybrid (1992) (Native)

The most frequent willowherb hybrid, recorded from coppice K in 1992, but not seen recently.


Epilobium palustre

Marsh willowherb (c.1916) (Native)

A single historical record of C.S. Nicholson c.1916 (K & L, 1953, p. 124). A plant of open mire habitats, now very scarce in Middlesex. This historical record suggests that the Wood must then have contained more extensive open wetland areas. The plant is likely to have occurred close to the current valley stream.


Epilobium roseum

Pale willowherb (1992) (Native)

Recorded from the edge of coppice K in 1992, and as a single unlocalised record by BV in 2002. A few plants appeared in coppice P in 2009. Locally freqent in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice in 2008 and 2009.



Euonymus europaeus

Spindle (1916) (Native)

The spindle is now only known as an introduced planted tree in Haringey, but a single tree was recorded from the Wood by JE Cooper in 1916 (Kent, 1975), and it was known from Bishop's Wood in the nineteenth century (Trimen & Dyer, 1869). No recent records.



Fatsia japonica

Fatsia (1989) (Neophyte)

A garden escape on the bank of the "drain" in compt. T that did not persist. First recorded in 1989; last seen 1997.


Festuca rubra subsp. rubra

Red fescue (1984) (Native)

Pool glade (2001); did not persist. Listed by Latimer (1984) from both Highgate and Queen's Wood. Common grass of well-drained open sites - intolerant of shade. In coppice P in 2009.


Filipendula ulmaria

Meadowsweet (1990) (Native)

In the marshy part of compt. W in 1999 (Game, 2000); not seen there recently as the area has become too shady. It could return if the canopy was opened up. First recorded in compt. W in 1990.


Frangula alnus

Alder buckthorn (1963) (Native)

Apparently now lost from the Wood - last recorded in 1963 (Kent, 1975); it still occurs in Highgate Wood where it has been widely planted - but one ancient (unplanted) tree survives.There are records of this ancient woodland indicator species (Rose, 1999) in Highgate Wood from 1827 (Trimen & Dyer,1869), and from the old Bishop's Wood and Hornsey Wood by Petiver (1693).


Galeopsis tetrahit

Common hemp-nettle (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (flowering 1/8/2001 - Barbara Villiers). Light demanding - did not persist - only recent Haringey record.



Galinsoga quadriradiata

Shaggy-soldier (2001) (Neophyte)

Widespread "weed" in Haringey - far more so than G. parviflora (for which I have only one recent record). Pool glade only (2001); light demanding - did not persist.


Galium odoratum

Woodruff (2000) (Native)

Two separate populations seen in 2000 and 2001 - that in compt. H discovered by Barbara Villiers in 2001; that in compt. B seen on the Haringey fungus foray on 20/10/2000. Neither seen recently. It is possible that these colonies derived originally from gardens (it was seen, for example, in 1993 "creeping under garden fence" bordering the access path from Wood Vale); however, both occurrences were well away from the edge of the Wood. An ancient woodland indicator species (Rose, 1999).


Geranium rotundifolium

Round-leaved crane's-bill (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001). This once rare species is increasing in Middlesex (Kent, 2000), and is now widespread in Haringey. Light demanding; did not persist.


Gnaphalium sylvaticum

Wood cudweed (1695) (Native)

Listed by Petiver (1695) from woods "between Highgate and Muswell Hill". He also saw the plant at Ken Wood (Kent, 1975). Today, it is "very rare, and perhaps extinct" in Middlesex (Kent, 1975).


Helianthus annuus

Sunflower (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001). Light demanding annual possibly derived from birdseed - did not persist.


Hieracium acuminatum

Tall hawkweed (1991) (Native)

No hawkweeds were seen in the Wood during 2007 - although five species were recorded by Ken Adams in 1991 on the road verges "along Queen's Wood Road and Wood Vale" (compts. J, E, F, G, D, B and A). This may be due to drought, and/or increased shade along the road verges (Ken Adams, pers. com.).



Hieracium calcaricola

Toothed Hawkweed (1991) (Native)

Ken Adams recorded c. a dozen plants in a "small clearing by the southern edge of the Wood" at TQ 289884 (Herb. Ken Adams). This is likely to refer to the glade in compt. G. A rare hawkweed that has not been seen recently. See note under H. acuminatum.




Hieracium sabaudum

Autumn hawkweed (1989) (Native)

See note on H. acuminatum - along road verges in 1989 (herb. DB) and 1991. The most frequent hawkweed in Haringey.


Hieracium salticola

Bluish-leaved hawkweed (1991) (Native)

See note on H. acuminatum - along road verges in 1991. Seen again 23/9/1997 - Herb. DB.


Hieracium trichocaulon

Hairy-stemmed hawkweed (1991) (Native)

See note on H. acuminatum - along road verges in 1991.


Hirschfeldia incana

Hoary mustard (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001); light demanding - did not persist. Abundant in open disturbed ground in many parts of Haringey - greatly increased since 1956, when it was rare: "a casual, becoming established in a few waste places in S. England" (McClintock & Fitter, 1956).


Hypericum perforatum

Perforate St John's-wort (1990) (Native)

Recorded in 1990 in compt. W at the edge of "the western inclosure" (a fenced off glade following the 1987 storm). A light demanding species that did not persist. An abundant plant of open habitats elsewhere in Haringey.



Hypericum pulchrum

Slender St John's-wort (1695) (Native)

Recorded from the glade in compt. W (formed after the great storm of 1987) from 1990 to 1999, and also in coppice K from 1993 - 1996. Known to persist in the seed bank for up to 200 years (Buckley, 1992). Coppicing (in the right places) would give it a new lease of life. Listed by Petiver (1695) "in the woods about Hampstead and Highgate" at a time when the woods must have been much more open than they are today. A single plant appeared in coppice P on 7/9/2009 - as predicted. An ancient woodland indicator species (Rose, 1999). Spreading in 2008 and 2009 along the stream in Coldfall Wood following coppicing in 2006.


Hypericum tetrapterum

Square-stalked St.John's-wort (1991) (Native)

Recorded from the marshy part of compt. W in 1991 and 1992; did not persist, but likely to survive in the seed bank (Buckley, 1992); it could re-appear following further coppicing.- as it has in Coldfall Wood. There is an early record from Highgate Wood in Trimen and Dyer's Flora of Middlesex (1869), but the reference given is to Thomas Johnson's list of plants seen in 1629 in what is now thought to be Ken Wood (Gilmour, 1972). As predicted, a single stunted plant appeared near the dog pond in coppice P in 2009. Impeding the current drainage in the coppice would benefit this and other marsh-loving plants. A single plant appeared in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice (2008 - 2009). Now rare and decreasing in Middlesex (Kent, 2000).


Hypochaeris radicata

Cat's-ear (2001) (Native)

Pool glade (2001); did not persist. Light demanding species - a common plant of open grassland elsewhere in Haringey. Several plants in coppice P in 2009.


Iris pseudacorus

Yellow iris (1984) (Native)

Recorded by Latimer from compt. W in 1984 "in the boggy springline where the stream arises in the west" (Latimer, 1984), but not seen there recently as compt. W has become very shady and is becoming drier. The "stream" is now known to have resulted from a leak in the mains water pipe running along Muswell Hill Road. This leak was repaired around 2000 and the "stream" is no more - though its course remains damp through natural water run-off from the hillside.


Isolepis setacea

Bristle club-rush (1695) (Native)

In 1993 several plants appeared in coppice K. These did not persist beyond 1993. Known to form a persistent seed bank (Buckley,1992), this charming tiny sedge would benefit from further coppicing in the damper parts of the Wood. Listed by Latimer (1984) from Highgate Wood, and Cooper (1836) from "Highgate". Abundant in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice in 2007 and 2008, but very scarce in 2009. Rackham (2003), reports its appearance in a coppice in the Bradfield Woods: "I had never seen it in a wood before, and seldom since. It lasted for a year and then disappeared". This was just what happened in both the Queen's Wood coppice and in the stream coppice in Coldfall Wood. Very scarce in Middlesex (Kent, 1975 & 2000, and Burton, 2008). Listed by Petiver (1695) "in the dryer parts of the woods about Highgate". The occurrence of Bristle Club-rush in coppiced woodland is not mentioned in Jermy et al. (2007), but is now the only habitat where it is seen in Haringey.


Juncus tenuis

Slender rush (1990) (Neophyte)

Unlocalised "pathside" record in 1990 - did not persist; likely to re-appear if further coppicing is carried out (as in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice in 2008).


Laburnum anagyroides

Laburnum (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001) - seedling (bird-sown) - did not persist. Frequent elsewhere in Haringey - as at Railway Fields.


Lactuca serriola

Prickly lettuce (1992) (Native)

Light-demanding; coppice K (1992) and pool glade (2001) only - did not persist at either site. Appeared in coppice P in 2009.


Lamium album

White dead-nettle (1990) (Native)

Unlocalised record from 1990; tolerant of light shade, it is surprising that it has only once been recorded in the Wood. Not known to persist in the seed-bank (Grime, Hodgson, and Hunt, 1988).


Lamium maculatum

Spotted dead-nettle (1992) (Neophyte)

Garden escape - unlocalised record from 1992.


Lamium purpureum

Red dead-nettle (2001) (Native)

Light demanding species - pool glade only (2001), did not persist.


Leontodon autumnalis

Autumn hawkbit (2001) (Native)

Pool glade (2001), did not persist. Common grassland species - intolerant of shade. Coppice P in 2009.


Leontodon saxatilis

Lesser hawkbit (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001); a light-demanding yellow composite of grassy places - did not persist. Also recorded (1994 - 1997) from the garden lawn of the Lodge (excluded from survey), and probably still present.


Leucojum aestivum

Summer snowflake (2004) (Neophyte)

An unlocalised record from 4/4/2004 - the only record. The subspecies was not noted, but is likely to have been the introduced western Mediterranean ssp. pulchellum, which is widely grown in gardens (and often escapes). Ssp. aestivum is the native "Lodden lily", which is also sometimes grown in gardens - and sometimes escapes.


Ligustrum vulgare

Wild privet (1999) (Native)

Recorded by Meg Game from around the site of an old wood-keeper's building in compt. O in 1999 (together with garden privet - both presumably originally planted) , but this native species has not been re-found. Native privet occurs on chalky soils, and does not occur naturally in Haringey.


Linaria purpurea

Purple toadflax (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001) - did not persist. A widespread garden escape elsewhere in Haringey; abundant along the stream coppice in Coldfall Wood in 2008 and 2009.

Listera ovata

Twayblade (1695) (Native)

Listed by Petiver (1695) "in the moist parts of the woods at Hampstead and Highgate", and known from Ken Wood until at least 1962 (Burton, 1983).


Lobelia erinus

Garden lobelia (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001) - a garden escape that did not persist.


Lolium x boucheanum

Hybrid rye-grass (2002) (Native)

This hybid between the native rye-grass (Lolium perenne) and the introduced Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorun) was recorded from the Pool glade in 2002. Like its parents, it is light-demanding and did not persist.


Lunaria annua

Honesty (1993) (Neophyte)

An unlocalised record from 1993. A frequent garden escape elsewhere in Haringey. Did not persist.


Lycopersicon esculentum

Tomato (1992) (Neophyte)

Culinary relic in pool glade (2001) and coppice K (1992) - did not persist at either. A few plants in coppice P in 2009. Intermittently abundant in Coldfall stream-side, as a result of sewage pollution.


Lysimachia nemorum

Yellow pimpernel (1793) (Native)

Recorded from the marshy part of compt. W in 1992. Known to survive in the seed bank (Buckley, 1992), and likely to "return" if further coppicing is carried out along the stream (recorded in Coldfall Wood stream coppice, 2008 & 2009). An ancient woodland indicator species (Rose, 1999). Recorded in 1793 "between Muswell Hill and Highgate" (M.& G, 1793), and from "Highgate Woods" (note plural) by C.S. Nicholson around 1910 (K & L, 1954, p.185). An existing plant (flowering in May, 2009) in the garden of Queen's Wood Lodge, almost certainly originated from the Wood.


Lysimachia nummularia

Creeping-Jenny (1995) (Native)

A small population (first recorded by Barbara Villiers in 1995) grew close to the Lodge, but was destroyed in 2001 when the children's play area was created. It rarely sets seed in Britain, and is spread by vegetative means. The Queen's Wood plants are likely to have "escaped" from a local garden - though it is considered to be native elsewhere in Middlesex (Kent, 1975). Herb. DB.


Lysimachia punctata

Dotted loosestrife (1992) (Neophyte)

Damp glade in W (1992 only); a garden escape that "rarely or never produces seed" (Stace, 1997) but spreads vigorously by vegetative means, and can become invasive. Light demanding.


Malus sylvestris

Crab apple (1914) (Native)

Remembered from her childhood by Liza Chivers (1999) - but no longer present in the Wood today. Three wild crab apples survive in Coldfall Wood, but all other "wild" apples in Haringey are likely to be Malus domestica - forms of the cultivated apple. The true crab apple is an ancient woodland indicator species (Rose. 1999).


Malva sylvestris

Common mallow (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001) - did not persist - intolerant of shade. Common elsewhere in Haringey.


Matricaria discoidea

Pineappleweed (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001) - did not persist - intolerant of shade.


Medicago lupulina

Black medick (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001) - did not persist - intolerant of shade.


Melilotus albus

White melilot (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001) - light-demanding - did not persist.

Melilotus officinalis

Ribbed melilot (1990) (Native)

Unlocalised record from 1990 - light-demanding - did not persist.


Mercurialis annua

Annual mercury (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001) - did not persist - intolerant of shade.


Moehringia trinervia

Three-nerved sand-wort (1695) (Native)

Recorded from the marshy part of compt. W in 1992, and by Meg Game by the "drain" in compt. U in 1999. Not seen there recently, but this inconspicuous summer annual may have been overlooked. It is listed by Rose (1999) as an ancient woodland indicator species in south-east England; however, in central Lincolnshire Peterken (1981) recorded it as a "fast-colonising" species of secondary woodland. In Haringey it has only been found in Queen's Wood and Coldfall Wood. It is shade-tolerant, so its apparent disappearance is unexpected (but thought to be declining nationally - Braithwaite, et al {2006}. It should be sought for in May and June along the edges of the "drain" and by damp paths. It is known to form a persistent seed bank (Grime et al, 2007). Used to occur in Coldfall Wood (Bevan, 1986), but there are no recent records. A single plant was recorded from near the dog pond in coppice P in 2009 and is likely to have germinated from buried seed. Recorded by Petiver (1695) "in the woods about Hampstead and Highgate".


Myosotis sylvatica

Wood forget-me-not (1984) (Native)

Garden escape. Pool glade (2001), did not persist. Listed by Latimer (1984). This attractive species is a local native British plant (mainly of central and northern Britain), but is frequently grown in gardens - and often "escapes", as here and in the stream coppice in Coldfall Wood (2007 - 2009). A few plants in coppice P from June 2009.


Papaver somniferum

Opium poppy (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001). Light demanding garden escape - did not persist. Common on wasteground in Haringey.


Parietaria judaica

Pellitory-of-the-wall (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001), - did not persist. Widely distributed on walls and other open sites in Haringey.


Persicaria lapathifolia

Pale persicaria (2001) (Native)

Pool glade (2001). A plant of damp waste-ground, and cultivated open ground - did not persist. Single large plant in coppice P, 2009.


Persicaria maculosa

Redshank (1992) (Native)

Coppice K (1992) and Pool glade (2001) only. Light demanding annual - did not persist. Occasional in coppice P in 2009. Present in Coldfall Wood stream coppice in 2007.


Picris echioides

Bristly oxtongue (1992) (Native)

Pool glade (2001), and coppice K (1992). Light demanding - did not persist. Single plant in coppice P in June 2009. Also seen along the stream coppice in Coldfall Wood in 2007.


Plantago lanceolata

Ribwort plantain (1984) (Native)

Pool glade (2001), and listed by Latimer (1984). A common plant of open grassy places - did not persist.


Poa compressa

Flattened meadow-grass (c.1940) (Native)

This unlocalised record from the Wood was made by L.B. Hall (LNHS member) sometime between 1900 and his death in 1945 (Kent, 1975). A widespread grass of open, well-drained habitats which has been recorded from several sites in Haringey, including Railway Fields LNR in 1991.



Poa nemoralis

Wood meadow-grass (1990) (Native)

An attractive, shade-loving grass which used to grow in several places in the Wood until 1990, but was not re-found in 2007. It may have been overlooked, and should be searched for in June and July when in flower. It is locally common in Coldfall Wood, but is declining nationally (Braithwaite, et al, 2006). An ancient woodland indicator species (Rose, 1999).


Pteridium aquilinum

Bracken (1670s) (Native)

The 17th century court rolls of the manor of Hornsey refer frequently to the collecting of bracken from Sowwood, or Oldfall (early names of Queen's Wood) and Sowwood Common (the common land surrounding the Wood) Silvertown (1978). These references (from the 1670s) are the earliest plant records I have been able to trace that refers unequivocally to Queen's Wood. Bracken has not been recorded from Queen's Wood for many years (it has become too shady), but it is still found around the edge of Highgate Wood.


Quercus cerris

Turkey oak (1993) (Neophyte)

Unlocalised record in 1993 - in "King's Wood" (i.e. the part of the Wood to the south of Queen's Wood Road - probably in compt. D). Not seen recently, but widely naturalised elsewhere in Haringey.


Reseda luteola

Weld (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001) - a light demanding species that did not persist.


Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

Water-cress (1995) (Native)

Damp ground near southern boundary - a single record from compt. C (Barbara Villiers 10/6/1995); did not persist. Frequent in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice (2007 - 2009).


Rorippa sylvestris

Creeping yellow-cress (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only (2001); a light demanding plant of open disturbed ground which did not persist.


Rubus armipotens

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "rare" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rubus britannicus

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "rare" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rubus cinerosus

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003): "Two separate colonies by the north margin (? W). There appears to be only one previous Middlesex record for this species, which is rather rare in Britain as a whole. Also a large patch of an apparent hybrid with R,. subinermoides."


Rubus cissburiensis

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "common" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rubus euryanthemus

A bramble (1975) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "abundant" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record. Also noted from the Wood (Kent, 1975), det. W.C.R.Watson - no date given..


Rubus flexuosus

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "occasional" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rubus rufescens

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "very local" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rubus subinermoides

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "locally abundant" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rubus trichodes

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as occuring in "several patches" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rubus vestitus

A bramble (2003) (Native)

A micro-species of bramble, reported by David Allen as "rare" (in lit.: 14/08/2003), describing his survey of brambles in the Wood on 19/06/2003). Unlocalised record.


Rumex acetosa

Common sorrel (1984) (Native)

Listed by Latimer (1984) from both Highgate and Queen's Woods It has not been refound in Queen's Wood. It has no persistent seed bank and is listed as "infrequent" in woodland (Grime, 2007).


Saxifraga cymbalaria var. huetiana

Celandine saxifrage (2001) (Neophyte)

A garden escape, rare in Middlesex and previously known only from Stanmore Heath (1989- 1994. Kent, 2000). Pool glade only (2001) - did not persist. Herb. DB.



Sinapis arvensis

Charlock (2001) (Native)

Pool glade (2001) - agricultural weed; probably came in with introduced soil. Did not persist. Single plant in coppice P from June 2009.


Sisymbrium orientale

Eastern rocket (2001) (Neophyte)

The most widely distributed introduced Sisymbrium species in Harinigey. Pool glade only (2001) - likely to have come in with introduced soil; did not persist.




Solanum dulcamera

Bittersweet (1992) (Native)

Pool glade (2001), coppice K (1992 - 1996) , and damp glade in W (1992). Surprisingly, the only recent records of this shade tolerant scrambling perennial are from coppice P in 2009. Common in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice from 2007 to 2009.


Solanum nigrum

Black nightshade (1992) (Native)

Recorded from Coppice K (1992 - 1997), and pool Glade (2001). A plant of well lit disturbed ground; did not persist. Common In coppice P in 2009. Present in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice in 2007 and 2008.


Solidago canadensis

Canadian goldenrod (1992) (Neophyte)

Coppice K only (4/9/1992). A widespread garden escape elsewhere in Haringey, but not seen again in the Wood.


Stellaria uliginosa

Bog stitchwort (c.1900) (Native)

Included on the strength of a record of C. S. Nicholson's from "Highgate Woods" c. 1900 (K & L, 1951)."Highgate Woods" (plural) is likely to have included Queen's Wood, so the precise locality cannot be ascertained. Nicholson recorded marsh willowherb (Epilobium palustre) from Queen's Wood around this time (K & L, 1953), and it seems possible that bog stitchwort might have occurred with it. Also recorded from around this time in Coldfall Wood (K.& L, 1953), but not seen recently. This is now a rare and decreasing plant in Middlesex (Kent, 1975 & 2000), and there are no other Haringey records.


Symphytum orientale

Soft comfrey (2003) (Neophyte)

Recorded only from the Pool glade between 2003 and 2005 - presumably came in with introduced soil. Scattered elsewhere in Haringey - established at Railway Fields since 1990.


Symphytum x uplandicum

Russian comfrey (1994) (Neophyte)

Appeared in coppice K in 1994, but did not persist. Russian comfrey is widespread elsewhere in Haringey (abundant for example, in the Paddock nature reserve in Tottenham).


Tamus communis

Black bryony (1992) (Native)

Appeared in coppice K in in 1992, but did not persist. An ancient woodland indicator species (Rose, 1999), with no other current records from Haringey. "Probably decreasing" nationally (Grime et al, 2007); "declining" nationally (Braithwaite, et al, 2006). "No persistent seed bank has been detected" (Grime et al, 2007).


Tanacetum parthenium

Feverfew (1990) (Neophyte)

First recorded in 1990 (unlocalised). Recorded from the Pool glade in compt. N in 2001, but did not persist as light levels declined. A frequent garden escape elsewhere in Haringey.


Tellima grandiflora

Fringe-cups (2000) (Neophyte)

An unlocalised record from 2000 of this frequent garden escape. Spreading along the stream coppice in Coldfall Wood from 2007 to 2009.



Tilia cordata

Small-leaved lime (1997) (Native)

A young sapling was found in compt. D in 1997 (its identity confirmed by Rodney Burton); herb. DB This tree was referred to by Game (1999), but has not been refound. The provenance of the tree is not known, but it seems likely that it was planted as no parent trees have ever been found. This species was once an abundant component of the wildwood of south-eastern England around 5000 years ago (Ingrouille, 1995), and Collins & Lorimer (1989) have demonstrated its importance locally "at the very beginning of the Neolithic", through their investigations at West Heath, Hampstead. An ancient woodland indicator species where it occurs naturally (Rose, 1999).


Tolmiea menziesii

Pick-a-back-plant (1993) (Neophyte)

Single plant close to the Wood Vale entrance in compt. H in May, 1993. It did not persist, and was last seen there in 1994. This is the only Haringey record (in the wild) of this ornamental garden plant, which rarely sets seed.


Torilis japonica

Upright hedge-parsley (2002) (Native)

This common umbellifer of hedges and grassy places is very rare in Haringey. Recorded only from the Pool glade in 2002. It did not persist as the site slowly succeeded to woodland.


Trifolium dubium

Lesser trefoil (2001) (Native)

Pool glade onlly (in 2001); did not persist as the habitat became more shady. A very common annual of grassy and open ground in Haringey. Widespread in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice (2007 - 2009).


Trifolium pratense

Red clover (1984) (Native)

Recorded from the Pool glade in 2001; did not persist as the habitat became more shady. Listed by Latimer (1984). A common grassland plant which is widespread elsewhere in Haringey.



Trifolium repens

White clover (1984) (Native)

Recorded from the Pool glade in 2001 - did not persist as the habitat became more shady. Listed by Latimer (1984). Abundant grassland plant elsewhere in Haringey.


Tripleurospermum inodorum

Scentless mayweed (2001) (Native)

Pool glade only in 2001 - did not persist. Common annual of open sites elsewhere in Haringey.


Tussilago farfara

Colt's-foot (1993) (Native)

This familiar spring-flowering herbaceous perennial of open, disturbed ground appears to be declining in Haringey. Unlocalised records from 1993 and 1994 (Barbara Villiers) - but these did not persist. Bowlt (2008) noted its steep decline in the Ruislip Woods NNR between 1976 and 2005. Braithwaite, et al, (2006) comment that the plant has significantly declined nationally since 1987, but that the reasons for this are not apparent "as this is a plant which thrives on disturbance." Two plants appeared in coppice P in June 2009.


Veronica beccabunga

Brooklime (1900) (Native)

Included on the strength of a record of C.S. Nicholson (c. 1900) from "Highgate Woods" (which may have included Queen's Wood). Kent, 1975. The marshy habitat in Queen's Wood which is known to have supported marsh willowherb (Epilobium palustre) at that time, and possibly bladder sedge (Carex vesicaria), may well have also supported brooklime. There are no suitably wet habitats present in either Wood today to support this plant which is now local and decreasing in Middlesex (Kent, 1975). Frequent in the Coldfall Wood stream coppice.


Veronica montana

Wood speedwell (1902) (Native)

Not seen for many years, this ancient woodland indicator (Rose, 1999) was present in the Wood in 1902 (K & L, 1954: 207). Also in "Highgate Woods" from 1896 - 1900 (K & L, 1954: 207). A single plant appeared in 1993 in a damp coppice in Coldfall Wood, but was not seen subsequently. A persistent seed bank has been reported (Grime et al, 2007).



Veronica persica

Common field speedwell (2001) (Neophyte)

Pool glade only (2001) - did not persist as the habitat became more shady. A common annual plant of open cultivated and waste ground elsewhere in Haringey. This species is strongly suppressed by shade (Grime et al, 2007).


Viola odorata

Sweet violet (1914) (Native)

Unlocalised record by Barbara Villiers in 2000 - probable a garden escape. Mentioned by Liza Chivers, remembering her childhood in the first decades of the 20th century: "In spring there were . . . . sweetly scented wild violets, our mother's favourite flower." (Chivers, 1999). This strongly suggests Viola odorata, which may therefore have been more frequent a hundred years ago.




Viola x bavarica

Hybrid wood-violet (1991) (Native)

Olive Coulton first spotted "a large patch" of this putative hybrid in 1991 (Burton, 2008). Although the exact location of this patch has not been confirmed, it seems likely that it was in Compt. G - where both parents grow together and where I collected specimens of what appear to be this hybrid in 2002 (herb. DB). The plants had the dark purple spurs of V. reichenbachiana, but were otherwise similar to V. riviviana. However, the plants were fertile - suggesting they may have arisen through introgression (the F1 hybrid is highly sterile - Stace, 1975). Such populations have recently been reported from the Ashdown Forest (Rich,et al 1996).


Vulpia myuros

Rat's-tail fescue (2001) (Native)

Recorded in the Pool glade in 2001 - but did not persist as light levels decreased. Occasional in Coldfall Wood stream coppice in 2008 and 2009.



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